Ghettos were set up by the Nazis to isolate and segregate Jews from other members of the population. Author Linda Jacobs Altman details the hardships of ghetto life under Nazi rule in WARSAW, LODZ, VILNA: THE HOLOCAUST GHETTOS. Set up in many countries including Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Belorussia, and Czechoslovakia, the author describes how the Jews kept alive their cultural and religious lives despite the poverty and hardships of ghetto life. Also included are accounts of the revolts by those who dared to fight back. This book is developed from THE HOLOCAUST GHETTOS to allow republication of the original text into ebook, paperback, and trade editions.